57. The OWP scheme has become “the single most important immigration policy that shapes Hong Kong’s demographic growth and composition”， accounting for some 93% of population growth from 1997 to 2001.
------In a press release issued upon publication of the Task Force Report on 26 March 2003， the then Chief Secretary stated:
“we have concluded that the present daily allocation of 60 within the 150 quota for children with right of abode in Hong Kong is appropriate--- For the time being， the total daily quota of 150 will remain unchanged. The SAR Government will liaise closely with the Mainland authorities with regard to the numbers and the allocation among the categories. If there is evidence that the demand falls， we will discuss with the Mainland authorities to reduce the quota.”
58. About half of the children tend to be under 18.
The adult OWP holders are usually wives of Hong Kong residents.
59. It is the Government’s policy to facilitate the integration of new arrivals in the community and the Task Force Report points out that:
“Mainlanders who came to Hong Kong before the age of nine.”
60. The OWP scheme therefore favours younger children as immigrants and they are given the largest sub-quota (60) of the 150 daily quota.
However， younger children obviously need parental care.