The Washington Consulting Group, Inc.
Chek Lap Kok Airspace Design
Government of Hong Kong
Under a competitive contract award, The Washington Consulting Group (WCG) supported the Director of Civil Aviation, Hong Kong in development of transition requirements for the new Chek Lap Kok (CLK) Airport. This work involved a wide range of air traffic control (ATC) technical Tasks.
The work included design and development of precision approach and landing procedures to each of the four runways. These designs met the International Civil
Aviation Organization (ICAO) standards. We applied the ICAO collision risk model to each procedure to validate the metrics. We simultaneously designed departure procedures which were complicated by terrain intrusions and proximity of boundaries of other entities. Both of these two initial Tasks generated requirements for certain ATC equipment. During the development of the en route structure and the arrival and departure transitions, WCG utilized a computer-generated delay measurement simulation and model (SIMMOD) to produce animation of the air traffic and to assist in the design of sector boundaries.
Instrument and visual flight procedures were defined for both fixed and rotary wing aircraft. Our goal was to develop simultaneous independent approach and departure procedures that would facilitate long term traffic demands.
WCG’s final product included the production of all flight procedures and their associated charting, minimum safe altitude charts and other pertinent publications ready for publication. These deliverables were created in AutoCad and on electronic media. The final report included an Airspace Management Organizational Plan for ATC managers, controllers, and aviation users.
During the development processes we conducted coordination with all formal international aviation organizations and, in some instances, other ATC directorates.
Government of Hong Kong
As a subcontractor to The Ralph M. Parsons Company, WCG conducted a series of air traffic control and airport analyses of the Hong Kong TMA, Kai Tak Airport and the new Chek Lap Kok Airport. These studies involved:
• Examining the current Hong Kong Air Traffic Control (ATC) Training Program;
• Providing parameters of simulation of existing and planned airside capacity at the Kai Tak and Chek Lap Kok Airports;
• Evaluating risks of overflight and runway and taxiway separations versus SARPS standards for Kai Tak Airport and presenting capacity-enhancing improvements; and
• Reviewing and updating the Chek Lap Kok Airport Master Plan Consultancy.
Our review of the ATC Officer Training Program focused on identifying existing training objectives and defining additional or modified objectives to improve ATC operations and, thereby, enhance airport capacity. We examined current ATC procedures, reviewed curriculum and courseware, interviewed facility experts, and evaluated new training requirements resulting from the introduction of advanced technologies. After conducting this study, WCG prepared an ATC training status report that enumerated training objectives and requirements designed to increase controller skills and augment the capacity of the system.
The analysis of the Chek Lap Kok Master Plan focused on validating plans and projects involved in building the air traffic control system. In performing this analysis, WCG examined the technical demands on the system and evaluated whether the proposed system and air space configuration provide for adequate levels of safety and operational efficiency, given forecast traffic patterns. We also validated and recommended changes in system requirements and then updated cost estimates for purchasing and installing all ATC equipment: radar, radar displays, communications and navigation systems.